158. BAUER, W. [Mersol.] Seifensieder-Ztg., vol. 68, 1941, pp. 524-526; Chem. Zentralb., 1942, I, p. 1571; Chem. Abs., vol. 37, 1943, p. 6370.
Mersol is a sulfonyl chloride of an alphatic hydrocarbon of the formula RSO2Cl, which is made by the action of SO2Cl or chlorosulfonic acid on paraffin gatsch. It smells strongly of HCl and SO2 and contains about 17-20% of unsaponification residues of hydrocarbons. Its saponification number is approximately 390. The saponification to Mersolate is carried out by pouring Mersol into alkali that is not warmer than 60°. The concentration of the alkali plays in important role in the formation of the final product. If the mersolate glue is thick, a large part of the salt precipitates. If it is thin, the unsaponified part can be removed as a thin oil a few days later. In practical operations a thick liquid is prepared first, and after the removal of the salt, it is diluted. Contrary to soap glue, the Mersolate glue always remains fluid. Numerical data are given for a saponification, and the processing of Mersolate to soaps and soap powders is described.
BAUGH, H. M. See abs. 2804.