1014. --------------. [Preparation of Synthetic Oil Mixtures (Synthol) From Carbon Monoxide and Hydrogen. I.] Brennstoff-Chem., vol. 4, 1923, pp. 276-285; Ges. Abhandl. Kenntnis Kohle, vol. 8, 1929, pp. 475-494; Chem. Abs., vol. 18, 1924, p. 459.
Water gas was freed as completely as possible from S compounds and then treated at a temperature of 400°-450° and at 150 atm. pressure in the presence of Fe and K2CO3. An oil and a water layer were formed in which the following products were identified. The acids comprised 10% of the mixture HCO2H; AcOH, propionic, isobutyric, and higher acids to C8 were identified. 40% water-soluble and partly soluble alcohols, aldehydes, and ketones were found, such as MeOH, EtOH, PrOH, Me2CO, and MeEtCO. 48% of the oil was volatile with steam and gave such products at EtCHO, Me2CHCHO, Et2CO, MePrCO, higher alcohols to C9, and hydrocarbons. 2% of the oil is nonvolatile with steam. The oil, synthol, which boils 80°-200° is suitable for motor fuel. By heating synthol for 1 hr. at 450° under pressure a mixture of hydrocarbons was obtained that boiled 50°-300°. The hydrocarbons present were saturated. Naphthalene was one of the products identified.